Journal of Acute Care

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VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2022 ) > List of Articles


Acute Viral Encephalitis in Adults

Sarath Kumar, Darshan U Siddappa

Keywords : Encephalitis, Herpes simplex virus, Magnetic resonance imaging

Citation Information : Kumar S, Siddappa DU. Acute Viral Encephalitis in Adults. 2022; 1 (2):112-117.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10089-0024

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-12-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Encephalitis is a syndrome characterized by altered mental status along with acute fever, seizures, and neurological deficits. The syndrome has many causes, the most commonly identified causes are neurotropic viruses. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis is a potentially life-threatening condition which can be diagnosed with a combination of history, examination, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain, and lumbar puncture. We report a case of a young immunocompetent adult presented with fever, altered mentation, and seizure. We are reporting classical findings of HSV encephalitis in an MRI brain study. We also described a few common viral encephalitis encountered in clinical practice.

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