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VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2022 ) > List of Articles
Keywords : Arm transplant, Heart transplant, History, Kidney transplant, Organ transplant, Philately
Citation Information : Rangappa P. Pioneers of Organ and Tissue Transplantation. 2022; 1 (2):89-91.
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Published Online: 31-12-2022
Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).
The first written transplant account is attributed to Ebers Papyrus (Fig. 1,), written circa 1550 BC mentioning skin grafting for treating burns. Roman Catholic accounts report the 3rd-century saints Damian and Cosmas as replacing the gangrenous leg of the Roman Deacon Justinian with the leg of a recently deceased Ethiopian (Fig. 2). Most accounts have the saints performing the transplant in the 4th century AD, decades after their death; some accounts have them only instructing living surgeons who performed the procedure. The more likely accounts of early transplant deal with skin transplantation. The first reasonable account is of the Indian surgeon Sushrutha in the 2nd century BC, who used autografted skin transplantation in nose reconstruction rhinoplasty. The success or failure of these procedures is not well-documented.